War is Hell, War is Peace - War is Necessary Essay
780 Words4 Pages
War is controversial, unfortunate, and certainly misunderstood; it is a transforming agent, a catalyst for change. Nonetheless, many people focus on war's negative consequences, while positive effects are downplayed. War is a necessary evil in the sense that it stabilizes population, encourages technological advances, and has a very high economic value. Without war, the overpopulation of the human race is inevitable. It is this reason that war is a useful tool by not only Mother Nature, but also humans themselves to institute population control. Humans have engaged in war for thousands of years. The earliest recorded instance is circa 2700 BCE. Of course, the fighting extends much further back as this was near the advent of writing. Even…show more content…
War has undoubtedly changed the vast majority of lives on this planet. Even the technology I am using to communicate this message is a product of war. Alan Turing developed the first computer, which was instrumental in the subsequent decryption of the Enigma code in World War II. The first jet aircraft was manufactured by the Luftwaffe to aid them in the same war, leading to today's primary mode of international travel. Countless medical breakthroughs and techniques are the direct product of war such as MRI, various drugs, and especially the laser. The United States even has a separate department, DARPA, whose contributions to the civilian lifestyle continue to innovate and impress. Many of these innovations, although funded for military reasons, have been invaluable to the human race, and we take them for granted day-to-day. From rockets, GPS, and Penicillin, to synthetic rubber, physics, and national defense, war may be hell, but it is certainly beneficial. The benefits of war are not restricted solely to technology; war is an effective catalyst for a nation's economy. Superficially, the entertainment industry thrives on war. Nonetheless, useful insight from war can be seen from this industry. In fact, some developers have gone so far as to observe that "War is to the 21st century what oil was to the 20th; the pillar that supports the global economy" (Kojima), and upon examination, we can certainly see this to be the case. War has
WHO WE ARE:
The Modesto Peace/Life Center was founded in 1970 initially as a draft counseling organization growing out of the Vietnam War. After the war, the Center’s activities moved into peace and justice activities, sustainable environmental and energy issues, opposition to war and nuclear weapons proliferation, as well as promoting peace and justice education through it various activities.
The Modesto Peace/Life Center is a 501 (c)(3) non-profit organization dedicated to education regarding issues of peace, justice and non-violence. Most of its projects are organized by in-house subcommittees. All are welcome to join our activities.
The Modesto Peace/Life Center is located at 720 13th St., Modesto, CA 95354.
The Modesto Peace/Life Center: Its History
“A miracle took place,” Louise Weaver recorded in her diary on February 12, 1970. That night 33 people pledged $5680 to set up and fund a peace center for one year, “a center not tied to a church and with draft counseling available at regular hours,” Phyllis Harvey remembers.
“The general revulsion over the escalation of the Vietnam War provided a chief impetus for banding together,” recalls Joe Dell of the meeting to establish a Peace Center, held in Jean and Don Calkins’ home.
Mary Baucher’s minutes from February 23, 1970, report that the Calkins had rented a building on the corner of l5th and G streets for $65 per month to be staffed by local volunteers trained by the Central Committee for Conscientious Objection. Also, “Sandy Sample’s group of youth at the [College Avenue] Congregational Church would like to paint and clean-up.”
The old storefront “wasn’t the Hilton,” say Wilfred and Louise Weaver. “It was cold in winter, hot in summer. There was some question as to whether the waterbed in the upstairs apartment would stay there or come down.”
Sample remembers it as the perfect location: “Downtown, on the street, visible, accessible, inexpensive. What more could we want?”
1970 was the spring of the invasion of Cambodia, of students shot down at Kent State and Jackson State. The Riverbank ammunition plant was cranking out shell casings. The Strategic Air Command at Castle Air Force Base, Atwater, was training B-52 pilots to bomb Vietnam; draft counselors were within legal limits so long as they provided only information and did not advise men to refuse to report for induction. Hired as counselors, Jared Zeff and later Jim “Moose” Parsons talked to hundreds of high school students and anyone else who would listen, providing draft information and discussing options.
In the first year of the center, counselors handled 600 cases. On one historic day in 1972, when a new draft law was coming into effect, more than 100 young men stopped in at the center to find out how the changes might affect their lives.
Young men boarding the early morning buses bound for the Fresno induction center were leafleted concerning their rights. Peace marches, plays, candidate forums, a student strike, and other activities were sponsored by local chapters of Another Mother for Peace, Parents Plea for Peace, Brethren Action Movement, and Students for a Democratic Society.
In 1971 and 1972 the center, along with the Modesto Junior College’s United Students Against the War, chartered buses to the peace marches and rallies in San Francisco. Cost of trip: $2.50 per person.
After months of planning, the center and its Merced County friends held a three-day vigil-blockade in December, 1972. Quakers from around Northern California held a meeting for worship in the rain in Castle Park, but base security refused to arrest Sam Tyson and Fred Moore when they entered the base.
It soon became obvious why the Air Force shunned negative publicity. That same day the Christmas bombings of Hanoi had begun, raids so unpopular that even some elite B-52 pilots refused to fly them.
The Wall Street Journal reports that over 100,000 young men applied for CO status in 1972, the last year of the lottery. Draft resistance undermined Selective Service’s ability to induct large numbers. In his memoirs, President Richard Nixon admitted the peace movement had caused him to drop plans to intensify the conflict. As many peace centers around the state closed, the Modesto Peace Center broadened its program.
Louise and Mark Zwick arranged for Dan Berrigan to visit in 1973. The Jesuit priest pioneered war resistance through destroying draft files. Widespread raids on draft boards destroyed an estimated one million files between 1968 and 1971. Berrigan spoke to overflow crowds at Modesto Junior College and Merced College and St. Mary’s Catholic Church in Stockton.
Thus began the annual “Berrigan visits” with Dan, Phil, and Liz McAllister Berrigan. The peace community renamed Kewin Park on La Loma Avenue “Berrigan Park,” for the delightful fellowship there.
The Peace Center discussed the farm labor organizing during the United Farm Workers’ boycott of Gallo. Board members split on the issue. Nuclear weapons’ twin, the “peaceful” atom of energy, was beginning to emerge in the valley when Rancho Seco went online near Sacramento. “Life” was added to the center’s name for those who define “peace” more narrowly.
From the first, the center worked with other community groups. The December 1971 newsletter called for letters on behalf of California Rural Legal Assistance, whose existence then-Governor Ronald Reagan was threatening. Draft counselors depended on CRLA guidance.
The first local women’s center was set up by the National Organization for Women in the Peace Center in 1972. Next to the NOW display of Ms magazine and copies of the original Our Bodies, Ourselves, was a Friends Outside display of articles handmade by women prisoners to help support their families. For many years the only public place in Stanislaus County to fly the UN flag during UN week was the Peace Center.
In 1975, Stanislaus Safe Energy Committee, begun a year earlier by Ecology Action and the Peace/Life Center to work on energy issues, was invited to share space in the center and its newsletter. Through the late 1970s the center worked with Safe Energy to check nuclear proliferation in our community and state. The Waterford nuclear project, proposed jointly by PG&E, MID, and TID, was stopped, (or officially, “shelved”). So has been every other nuclear reactor proposed across the U.S. since 1974 by economics and citizens in voting booths, courts, and the streets. The major accident at the Three Mile Island Nuclear Power Plant back east helped bring home to people across the country the dangers opponents had been talking about. Since 1975 Dan Berrigan’s benediction, “May all pancakes rise, and all tyrants fall” has echoed through 25 annual Pancake Breakfasts. In 1977 the Harvest Supper was also started as a Safe Energy fundraiser. The Center has inherited both events, though in 2008 the Harvest Supper became a simpler wine, tea, and dessert gathering.
The center continued sponsoring current event programs — on the Philippines, Korea, the Middle East — always seeking non-violent change. Safe Energy’s annual display at the County Fair educated fair-goers and the hundreds of people who helped staff it over its 18-year run. In 1978 the Center organized the first Solar Faire in Modesto. MID and PG&G, along with Stanislaus Safe Energy and the Energy Research Group, were among the educational booths that promoted various forms of energy conservation and solar power. From 1979 to 1996 the center annually recognized local people with lifetime peacemaking service as Friends of Peace.
The old storefront was demolished in 1979.
Again the local peace community pooled its resources for the down payment on a Sixth Street house. The new Peace/Life Center opened just as draft registration was reimposed. (Remember President Carter wanting to scare the Soviets out of Afghanistan with our draft? The Soviets stayed for their own “Vietnam lesson.”)
The mortgage was burned at the center’s 15th anniversary party.
In 1981 the center, along with several other groups and individuals, was sued for $1 million over work delays at Diablo Canyon Nuclear Plant caused by anti-nuclear demonstrations; the nuisance case was eventually dismissed.
With Reagan’s 1980 presidential election, many reawakened to the sorry state of foreign policies, the nuclear arms race and the environment, though few had recognized the links among these issues.
Dan Onorato and Charles Milligan started the Stanislaus County Interfaith Committee on Latin America in 1981. Under Nancy Smith’s leadership, the group provided programs on current events on Latin America, collected funds and materials for humanitarian projects in Central America, and organized lobbying and demonstrations. With the Center and the Emergency Response Network, the Interfaith Committee sponsored sit-ins at then-Representative Tony Coehlo’s office in 1985 and 1987.
In February 1982 Louise and Wilfred Weaver arranged to show “The Last Epidemic: The Medical Consequences of Nuclear War.” The Physicians for Social Responsibility film was so popular a copy was purchased the next day.
Dr. Sandy Lawrence, Sam Tyson, and others from the center usually accompanied the powerful film as discussion leaders. Sharon Fowler Froba arranged to show it to all Modesto High students, with dozens of peace people engaging students in follow-up discussions. The film was so widely shown that the first copy literally wore out in three months. So, almost, did Lawrence and Tyson.
That spring MID customers voted down the public utility’s bid to buy into an Arizona nuclear plant. Jim Knox, on leave from Ecology Action, led the campaign.
Initiative campaigns for both the Nuclear Freeze (passed) and Bottle Bill (defeated) were coordinated at the Center during fall, 1982.
That same fall, the Center initiated Choose Life, a spiritual witness, at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, to oppose the lab’s weapons research and development work. Over 50 northern California groups took part the first year, and it continues.
Since 1983, Peace Camp, an annual June weekend in the Sierra, has hosted such speakers as Sojourners editor Jim Wallis, environmentalist David Brower, and journalists Larry Bensky and Normon Solomon.
To a Modesto Church of the Brethren-sponsored Peace Retreat Committee, former Modesto Junior College President Dr. Henry Tyler proposed a sister-city relationship with a Soviet city. Modesto was linked with Khmelnitsky, Ukraine; and a wonderful example of citizen diplomacy germinated, with people active in the Center as part of the delegations.
In the late 1980s Kay Barnes, Jim Higgs, and Sam Tyson led the Center’s effort in a coalition that prevented United Technologies from building a rocket fuel plant in Merced County and the federal government from building the Superconducting Supercollider in San Joaquin County.
Launched in 1987, the Peace Essay Contest now involves hundreds of 5th-12th grade students each year. Argentinean Nobel Laureate Adolfo Perez Esquivel was guest speaker at the awards reception in 1988. Harvest Supper was revived in 1994 to help fund the Peace Essay Contest. A simpler Harvest Gathering now serves the same need.
As the Center’s second decade neared an end, Stanislaus Connections replaced the trusty, old monthly newsletter. The expanded format allows more space for peace, social justice, and environmental issues and reaches farther into the community. Fred Herman served as editor for almost three years; a volunteer committee now produces it.
In fall 1990 Ruth Enero organized a demonstration calling for negotiations in the Persian Gulf. The Center was swamped as the US went to war. The Center urged the US government to initiate multilateral negotiations to restrict international arms sales and transfers, outlaw chemical weapons, conclude a comprehensive test ban treaty, and resolve outstanding disputes in the Middle East, including the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Ecology Action moved into the center in 1992. Green Party volunteers helped staff the office in 1993, and Amnesty International and Feminists for Life met there monthly.
After years of increasing vandalism, safety, and maintenance problems, the Center sold the Sixth Street house in 1994 and moved to its present location at 720 13th Street, Suite D, with Ecology Action continuing to share office space until its demise in 1998. This location also housed a special Sierra Club project.
Tommie Lee Ware Muhammad, Social Services Coordinator for the city of Modesto, sought the Center’s help in highlighting Martin Luther King’s bold vision of social, political, and economic justice. Kay Barnes, Jim Costello, Dan Onorato, and Gene Palsgrove helped develop the January 1994 workshop “A Matter of Justice,” the first step in exploring and implementing King’s vision. This became the first in now 21 annual MLK Commemorations featuring such distinguished guest speakers MLK’s co-workers Rev. Al Smith and Rev. Joseph Lowry, and Civil Rights leader Robert Moses; his late daughter, Yolanda King; actor/activists GregAlan Williams, Edward James Olmos, Danny Glover, and Mike Farrell; astronaut Dr. Mae Jemison; writer and intellectual Dr. Cornel West; Titan coach Herman Boone; Native Peoples activist Russell Means; Mahatma Gandhi’s grandson, Arun Gandhi; activist Van Jone; California political leader Mayor Willie Brown; comedian Dick Gregory; Congressman John Lewis; civil rights pioneer, Diane Nash; and legend Julian Bond.
In 1998 Modesto High School teacher Sharon Froba organized a “Day of Respect,” aided by Kay Barnes, Jim Higgs, John Lucas, and Renaldo Raeheim. It is now a part of Modesto City School’s new tolerance and respect policy, a model for the city’s other high schools.
By 1996 it became clear the sanctions imposed on Saddam Hussein’s Iraq were punishing the people of Iraq rather than destabilizing the dictator’s hold on power. The UN concluded that over 500,000 children had died in Iraq, as a direct result of the U.S. led sanctions. To help educate people about this evil, the Center twice sponsored visits to Modesto by Kathy Kelly of Voices in the Wilderness. Voices was sending medical and educational supplies to help the Iraqi people despite injunctions from the U.S. Justice Department against such actions. The Center also hosted the Omran Bus Tour that came to Modesto Junior College to educate students about the effects of the sanctions.
In 2000 the Center’s Board decided to focus on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In 2005 the Center sponsored, with the Modesto Church of the Brethren, a presentation by two women from the region, an Israeli, Robi Damelin, and a Palestinian, Nadwa Sarandah, both members of The Parents Circle of the Bereaved. Their organization, which includes relatives of victims killed on both sides, works to promote understanding, reconciliation, and peace. In August of that year Center Board member Dan Onorato went to Israel-Palestine with the Interfaith Peace-Builders. Once home he created a multi-media presentation to educate about the effects of the Israeli occupation and the work of both Israelis and Palestinians to promote peace nonviolently. In 2008 the Center, again with the Church of the Brethren, brought a Palestinian film maker, Mohammad Alatar, to Modesto to show his latest documentary, “Jerusalem: the Eastside Story.” In April 2010 Ismail Kharoub, a Palestinian citizen of Israel, and Ofra Yeshua-Lyth, a Jewish Israeli, will talked at the Brethren Church about the toll the conflict and the failure to resolve it through diplomacy have had on both peoples in Israel.
Throughout this period and up to the present (2010), the Center has often been the lone voice in our area of opposition to U.S. military actions in other countries: Grenada (1987), Panama (1990), the former Yugoslavia (the late 1990s), Afghanistan (2001), Iraq (2003) and now Afghanistan again. For a long period till his death in 2002, Center leader and lifetime pacifist Sam Tyson held an often solitary witness each week in front of the Federal Post Office with a sign saying, “War Is Not the Answer.” In keeping with his and the Center’s long tradition of anti-war protest, we have rallied, marched, and held vigils against the Iraq War, and now the recently escalated war in Afghanistan.
It’s a painful irony that in 2000 the UN declared the first 10 years of the New Millennium the “Decade of Nonviolence.” yet since September 11, 2001, fear, insecurity, and violence have only increased. With Barack Obama’s election as President, hope for significant change soared, but the country’s funding of military budgets is at an all-time high while the U.S. wages two wars. 2010 saw some positive movement toward reducing nuclear arsenals in the U.S. and Russia, but the overall outlook is filled with challenges, and the expectations of a great transformation in our society have waned. A mature awareness is dawning of what Marian Wright Edelman once said: “A lot of people are waiting for Martin Luther King or Mahatma Gandhi to come back — but they’re gone. We are it. It’s up to us. It’s up to you.”
In the words of lifelong local activist Marie Seaman (1912-2000), “Work for peace and justice not because you expect to see change in your lifetime, but because it must be done. Keep making changes because, if you don’t, we’ll all be lost. You may feel alone [but] remember there are many others, kindred spirits, who are with you. The risks are worth it, and keep on dancing.”
2010 saw the Modesto Peace/Life Center focusing on wars in the Mideast, abolishing nuclear weapons, educating about climate change, and reaching out to youth in our community. President Obama escalated the war in Afghanistan, and the U.S. did nothing to add its voice to the outrage against Israel’s 2009 invasion of Gaza, so the Center published its views on these two issues. To shed personal perspectives on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, at the Brethren Church we hosted Jewish Israeli Ofra Yeshua-Lyth and Palestinian Israeli Ismail Kharoub to speak about efforts at reconciliation and peace in that troubled region. On August 6, at an annual commemoration of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, we supported our neighbor Tri-Valley Cares in their excellent work to reduce nuclear pollution and end nuclear weapons designed at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratories. On one of the key issues of our time, climate change, our monthly magazine Stanislaus Connections featured articles on global warming to counteract the spreading publicity given to deniers’ views. Connections also continued writer Lillian Vallé’s finely crafted articles on local habitat preservation and appreciation. In September the ever energetic and creative Mike and Jana Chiavetta convened the Center’s second Social Justice Youth Conference that brought nearly 100 high school students together to discuss nonviolence and be exposed to local organizations working on justice and environmental issues. A highlight of the year for many of us took place in Muir Park in August when we celebrated our “Forty Years for Peace” anniversary. We enjoyed a gala barbecue, Sandy Sample’s lively and informative poster display of our 40 years of witnessing for peace, some good local music, and the camaraderie of young and old alike. As Mike Chiavetta said that beautiful afternoon, “We aren’t 40 years old; we’re 40 years young, and going strong!”
2011 The promise of this year, the 10th anniversary of 9/11, would not pan out. When Hosni Mubarak’s 30 year autocratic rule in Egypt was overthrown, the “Arab Spring” was born. The spark of Arab democracy that ignited in Tunisia spread, but from our vantage paint in late 2016, the rise of democracy in the Mideast was short-lived. (But who knows, perhaps the seeds were planted and will emerge at a later time.) The other note of fleeting triumph was President Obama’s announcement that the Iraq War would soon be over. Seen in retrospect, that hopeful view proved short-sighted. A few years later ISIS would over-run much of northern Iraq, and a new war would begin. The U.S. killed Osama bin Laden, but hatred and resentment against the U.S. and the West in general has not waned. And, as Chris Hedges wrote in a Connections article, the decade since 9/ll/01 has seen “10 years of continuous war-making . . . . And the attacks turned us into monsters. We drop bombs on village children, waterboard those we kidnap, strip them of their dignity, and hold them for years without due process. . . . It is the Satanic lust of violence that has us locked in its grip.” Progressive Evangelical leader Jim Wallis underlined the costs of the Iraq war: 5,000 U.S. military deaths, 32,000 wounded. 110,000 estimated Iraqi civilian deaths, 2.5 million internally displaced Iraqis. An estimated 3 – 5 trillion total cost to the U.S. 300,000 returning troops from Iraq and Afghanistan suffer post traumatic stress disorder; 320,000 with traumatic brain injuries; and veteran’s estimated suicides per month, 1,000. In the face of tragedy and dashed hopes, we organized “Ten Days for Peace” in September to help us not forget and to channel our imaginations and resolve toward constructive actions. And constructive actions there were. Van Jones, our keynote speaker of Modesto’s annual Martin Luther King, Jr. Commemoration educated listeners about rising social inequality and environmental destruction. We arranged for the Peace Panel Project to table at Modesto Junior College to promote awareness of peace efforts throughout the country. Our third Social Justice Youth Conference in September gathered nearly 100 youth to engage them in critical thinking and service activities in our community. We also participated in river clean up at Legion Park. And on the big stage of history the Occupy Movement and camp near Wall Street raised awareness of the huge gap in wealth and economic opportunity between the 1% that own 40% of the wealth and the rest of us. People started seriously questioning the harsh reality of capitalism. In the international arena, the U.S. vetoed a UN measure to condemn Israeli settlement expansion in the West Bank, but the Palestinians began gaining world-wide support for their Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions movement. A last note about this year. Millions of people in our society were suffering from the effects of the devastating Economic Crash of 2008. Many were without work, the homes of thousands were foreclosed, and businesses were closing everywhere. Anger and frustration were rising, as was scapegoating. Incivility in public discourse in the media was mushrooming.
2012 marked the fourth year of President Obama’s first term. Republican refusal to work with the President led to political paralysis and increasing incivility. Dialogue and compromise for the public good were becoming rare. But the Occupy Movement was gaining traction as people became more acutely aware of economic inequality. Locally, we helped organized the 99% Spring actions aimed at encouraging clients to move their money out of the big banks into local banks or credit unions. With all the frustrations arising from people’s financial problems, it’s not surprising that bullying and cyberbullying were becoming widespread realities for young people, so our Peace Essay Committee chose as its topic nonviolent ways to diminish this behavior. On the international plain, attention was moving away from Israel-Palestine to Iran. Hawks were arguing for a pre-emptive strike against Iran’s nuclear facilities where it was claimed Iran was developing nuclear weapons. President Obama argued for a policy of restraint and negotiation.
2013 began with a shooting at a Tucson, Arizona, shopping center, yet another after SandyHook. But despite the shocking statistics that gun violence leads each year to 30,000 Americans dead and 70,000 injured, Congress failed to stand up to the National Rifle Association and pass any reasonable gun control restrictions. More awareness of the deaths and injuries of civilians caused by drones in Pakistan and elsewhere was also leading to a clamor to end drone strikes, but again little was done. Lethal violence was felt dramatically at the Boston Marathon when bombs killed and injured many people. Less known to most Americans were the rising deaths of immigrants crossing the Mexico-U.S. border, brought on by the massive enforcement of new and aggressive federal policies. In another form of violence, 6 million Californians were reported to live in poverty, one fifth of all the children. In the face of all this violence and the rising polarization in the country, Connections reported that Jim Wallis of Sojourners Magazine called for a “new social contract, based on three principles: 1) the dignity of the human person; 2) the importance of the common good, which transcends individual interests; and 3) the need for stewardship of the planet and posterity.” Congressman John Lewis, keynote speaker of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Commemoration, spoke to a huge crowd about his Civil Rights experience and his continuing commitment to nonviolent solutions to our society’s problems. His lifetime example and integrity were an inspiration for all. And a new courageous whistleblower, Edward Snowden, leaked thousands of National Security Agency documents revealing the widespread U.S. government surveillance of people, businesses, and other governments. His actions have led to significant reforms of these illegal practices. At the local level, Board member John Lucas and Richard Anderson began making a film on “the invisible people,” the homeless and the poor in our community. This project would lead in a couple of years to one of the Center’s most visible commitments, our Homeless and Low Income ID Project. Another new project was the Book Group that arose out of the Occupy Modesto movement. People would get together on a regular basis to promote awareness of significant economic and social issues. A further project that people in the Peace/Life Center community got involved in was the local work on President Obama’s Dream Act Deferred. Led by immigration attorney Solange Altman and community organizer Homero Mejía, and bolstered by the Nuns on the Bus visit to Congressman Jeff Denham’s office, this act gave rights to children of undocumented immigrants who’ve lived in this country for at least 5 years. With Latinos being over 40% of our county’s population, this effort engaged many local residents.
2014 The keynote speaker of our annual Commemoration of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. was outstanding. Diane Nash was the leader of the Nashville sit-ins to desegregate restaurants. She also was a major spokesperson and leader of the Freedom Rides that brought about desegregation of interstate bus travel in the South. She gave a lucid and detailed talk about nonviolence that many of us in the Peace/Life Center found helpful. Board member John Lucas, with Sandy Sample and Shelly Scribner, started our monthly Film Night on the third Wednesday of each month, in which we show a film related to our goals and vision and then discuss our reaction. The legendary Pete Seeger, consummate folk musician and peace and justice advocate, died shortly before, so we started the series with “The Power of Song” that chronicles Seeger’s life and influence both musically and socially. Issues coming to wide public attention were immigration, fracking, and climate change. The local chapter of a national movement calling itself the Citizens Climate Lobby began to promote their plan of taxing carbon and distributing the taxes to all citizens. Their work would lead later to convincing the Modesto City Council to sign on to their proposals—one of the first city councils in California to sign on. The U.S. was starting to get involved aiding the fight against ISIS in Iraq and Syria, and our local monthly vigils at Five Points in Modesto were focusing on ending drone attacks. In September, for the fourth time, we had the Peace Panels Project table at the community college campus, and we went to Modesto High’s Community Service Faire to acquaint students with our work. Shelly Scribner, working with Merced Methodist Church leader Dave Hetland, invited all of us to help women inmates at the Women’s Facility in Chowchilla by donating hygiene products, greeting cards, and writing materials. In an article printed in Connections entitled “Under the Global Shadow of Big Brother,” columnist Norman Solomon urged journalism to be unrelenting in its independence, rather than sheep-like, and be fully committed to speaking the truth. With many others, Solomon is concerned at the media’s frequent failure to pursue important critical stories, especially those that upset the people in power.
2015 In his keynote address at the annual MLK Commemoration, civil rights leader Julian Bond gave a powerful speech reminding us that, though we had a black President, racism was far from over in America. Nor was American militarism: the national budget for nuclear weapons ballooned upward 10%, equaling the Cold War record. These global dark clouds had us persevering locally. Leng Power and Frank Ploof joined John Lucas and Richard Anderson to interview and film homeless people in our community. Their effort led to the first edition of the Homeless Documentary Project’s film to put a face on homeless people locally, show what local agencies were doing, and suggest how people might help (see http://www.modestocahomelessdocumentary.org . Their work also led to our Homeless ID project to assist people in getting their CA identity card or a birth certificate, vital in securing social services, a job, and housing. Frank Ploof organized the project electronically, we raised money, Frank trained an eager group of volunteers, and we were off and running. This was the first time the Center took on a local service project that was meeting a real need and that would be ongoing, not just an event. It resulted in engaging new people in our work and our getting known better in the community. It also expanded our vision and perhaps sowed the seeds of our rethinking what we are about. That remains to be seen. Musician John McCutcheon enlivened our January spirits with his annual concert, and then in June enacted a one-person play called “Joe Hill’s Last Will.” Hill was a song writer whose music told the story of the Labor Movement in the 20th century. With the initiative of Ken Schroeder, we collaborated with a local labor union to bring this stirring play to Modesto. Then, after waiting almost 7 years, in August we learned that our Center was granted an FCC license to build a full power radio station at FM 95.5 within 3 years. From the start this effort was the brainchild of Board member Jim Costello. The project will cost us at least $100,000 just to get the station on air, so it feels daunting. Yet we’re excited at the prospect of reaching out to a very large audience to educate, inspire, entertain, and involve more people in working for peace, social and economic justice, and a sustainable environment. In autumn after the terrorist bombings in Paris and Beirut, Board member Joe Homer and Board President Leng Power organized a local interfaith candle light vigil for peace in Graceada Park. In the context of increasing acts of hatred or prejudice against Muslims, we needed our local Muslim community and all others to feel respected and safe here. For many years we’ve celebrated our peace community in our late October, early November Harvest Gathering. Once again we were hosted at the home of Board member John Frailing and María Arévalo. This year, being the Center’s 45th, we decided to honor our elders who were still living and active or supportive of our work. Their presence, energy, imagination, faith, and witness have helped inspire and shape us. We stand on their shoulders with profound gratitude. These are the elders we honored: Myrtle Osner, Joe Dell, Pat Noda, Phyllis Harvey, Sandy Sample, Kay Barnes, Dave Tucker, Mary Baucher, Gene Palsgrove, Shelly Scribner, Dorothy Griggs, Ruby Ten Brink, June Potochnik, Tom and Alfa Broderick, Robert Rudholm, Jeff Schweiker, and Loren Baker. We concluded our honoring ceremony with the song “This Little Light of Mine.” Seldom have I heard it sung with such rousing spirit.
2016 Taylor Branch, historian and author of the acclaimed three-volume work on Dr. King, and keynote speaker at our annual MLK Commemoration, asked an important question: with gridlock and cynicism dominating our political system, we did we get to this state of being? His answer was that race was central to our politics and history. Our willingness to face this reality will determine the quality of our future. As the year unfolded, the grim reality and frequency of cops killing black men and subsequent reprisals seemed to underscore Branch’s insight. But the Black Lives Matter Movement arose that refused to be silent and has carried out many nonviolent rallies and marches to help America face its racial injustice, past and present. The massacre of gay people in an Orlando, Florida bar further underscored two national problems, gun violence and prejudice against unconventional forms of sexual orientation. In the November elections, with Donald Trump as victor, we were stunned and shocked, and are still reeling from the dreaded Trump reversal of so many good changes made over the last 30 – 40 years. But throughout the progressive community, the alarm is sound: Don’t mourn. Organize! Close to home as an adjunct to our (now) Low-income ID Project, Sandy Sample and Shelly Scribner opened a Kitchen Korner at the Center to provide basic kitchen supplies to homeless individuals and families who’ve been able to find housing. And this was the year the local chapter of the Citizens Climate Lobby persuaded the Modesto City Council to support a national revenue-neutral carbon fee and dividend. Meanwhile major controversies stir over water issues in California and locally. Facing all this, we keep on keeping on.
— Updated, December 2016, by Dan Onorato