Friday May 26 marked the start of Ramadan, a period of fasting, prayer and contemplation for millions of Muslims.
Throughout the month many Muslims will greet each other with Ramadan Mubarak, Ramadan Kareem, or some other greeting.
Jeremy Corbyn opted for the former in a video message he recorded for the three million Muslims who live in Britian.
For 29 days, many of those Muslims will fast between dawn and dusk in what is considered the holiest day of the Islamic calendar.
The Prophet Mohammed explained: “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”
Muslims believe that on the 27th Day of Ramadan (Laylat Al Qadr, or the Night of Power), God revealed the Quran to the Prophet Mohammed.
Is Ramadan Mubarak or Ramadan Kareem correct?
Ramadan Mubarak is the most common greeting used by Muslims, and translates to “have a blessed Ramadan”.
Ramadan Kareem is another phrase often used, however there is some debate as to whether it is appropriate.
Some say that the phrase, which means “may Ramadan be generous to you”, goes against the teachings of Islam because Ramadan itself cannot be generous.
As Saudi Arabian scholar Sheikh Al-Uthaymeen explained, “it should be said ‘Ramadan Mubarak’, or whatever is similar to it, because it is not Ramadan itself that gives so that it can be kareem (generous), in fact it is Allah who placed the grace in it, and made it a special month, and a time to perform one of the pillars of Islam”.
WHAT IS RAMADAN?
GETTYRamadan: Muslim boys hugging on Eid al-Fitr
GETTYRamdan: Muslims breaking their fast
Others argue that Kareem is acceptable, because the wording reflects the blessings that God gives to his followers during the month.
Jordan’s Iftaa’ Department, which is responsible for religious decrees, last year ruled: “Describing Ramadan to be honourable does not in fact attribute the quality to the month.
“Rather, the word comes from the fact that God gives his worshippers blessings during the month.
“It’s thus acceptable to call the thing by the name of its reason or cause. The ruling could be seen as an example of synecdoche, in which a part of something is taken to stand for its whole, or vice versa.
For those who would rather avoid the debate, Happy Ramadan is a perfectly acceptable alternative.
The month of Ramadan in picturesSat, May 27, 2017
Muslims mark the holy month of Ramadan with fasting and prayer.
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An Indonesian Muslim man breathes fire during a game of fire football, known as 'bola api' ahead of Eid Al-Fitr celebrations
When does Ramadan end?
The final day of Ramadan this year falls on Saturday June 24.
The following evening marks the start of Eid al-Fitr, the festival of the breaking of the fast.
On this day, Muslims will gather at mosques to pray before holding family gatherings and feasts.
Eid or Eid-ul-Fitr is the greatest festival of the Muslims. The Muslims, all over the world, celebrate it with great pomp and show, zeal and gusto.
This festival marks the end of Ramadan. Ramadan is a holy month of fasting. The Muslims observe fasts for a full month after sighting the moon of ‘Ramzan’. When the month of ‘Ramzan’, is over and the moon of Eid is sighted, they end their Roja (fasts). In this way, the Muslims break their month-long fast. The next day, the festival of Eid is celebrated. Every year it comes off on the first day of the month of Shawwal. It is a day of gaiety, festivity and feasting.
It is a believed that fasting in the month of ‘Ramzan’ purifies the soul. The prayers after fasting save them from going to hell and open the doors of heaven. Thus, they lead a pure and holy life during the month of ‘Ramzan’. They observe fasts, offer regular prayers in the form of ‘Namaz’; read the holy Koran, feed the hungry and give alms to the poor. Charity is the greatest virtue to be practiced during the month of ‘Ramzan’. Fasting comes to an end when the new moon of Eid is sighted. The sight of the new moon of Eid is considered very pious and holy by the Muslims. It is a signal for the celebration of Eid the very next day.
On the Eid day, Muslim people get up early in the morning. They take a bath and put on their best dresses. Houses are decorated. They thank Allah, visit mosques and offer prayers in the form of ‘Namaz’. They embrace one another and exchange Eid greetings. ‘Eid Mubarak’ is on the lips of each Muslim. Sweets are distributed, gifts are given and delicious dishes are prepared at home. Friends and relatives are invited to feasts. Sweet noodles are the most popular dish cooked on this day. At some places, Eid fairs are also held. Eid greetings are exchanged by one and all. Children buy toys and sweets.
In India, all communities join the Muslims in celebrating Eid. Sweets are shared and greetings exchanged by all. The Hindus, Sikhs and Christians greet their Muslim brothers on this day. The celebration of Eid promotes national integration and the feeling of brotherhood. Joys are doubled when they are shared. Eid brings a message of brotherhood for all of us.
It is a festival of love and goodwill. It gives us a message to love all and hate none. It teaches us to embrace all men as brothers. Separated lovers hope to meet on this day. It exhorts us to bid goodbye to hatred, jealousy and enmity and bring in an era of love, sympathy and brotherhood.
Category: Essays, Paragraphs and ArticlesTagged With: Indian Festivals