Hurricane Katrina Research Paper

Hurricane Katrina

Hurricane Katrina was one of the most devastating storms to ever hit the United States. On August 23, 2005, Katrina started to form over the Bahamas and meteorologists warned the Gulf Coast states about the storm that was on it’s way to them. The evacuation started on August 28 for the Gulf Coast states. If was predicted that these area would not be livable for at least a few weeks after the storm hit. New Orleans was on the most vulnerable places in this area to be hit because most of it was below or slightly above sea level.

The Army Corps built levees and seawalls to help keep the city from flooding but the levees that were located by Lake Pontchartrain and Lake Borgne were not as reliable. These levees were built on top of soil that was porous and erodible, which is was caused them to break during the storm. These levees protected the poorest in the community, which made them more vulnerable. The New Orleans mayor ordered a mandatory evacuation of the city. And declared the Superdome a shelter, where people could go that didn’t have anywhere else to go. By that night about eighty percent of the city had evacuated and there were ten thousand in the Superdome and about the same amount decide to stay in their homes to wait out the storm.

The storm hit New Orleans early the next morning and it had already been raining over night before the storm hit. By nine that morning the flooding started to happen, the levees and canals were overwhelmed and the Ninth Ward And St. Bernard Parish were under water so fast that people had to got to attics and rooftops to get away from it. By the end of the storm over eighty percent of the city was under water.

The Coast Guard started to rescue people that were stranded and other volunteers started to help the stranded as well. They would rescue them with their boats and then give food and shelter. While they were helping each other, the Government took their time to get FEMA down to help them. It took days for them to arrive and when they did, they didn’t really have a plan of action to help them. It took years for the Gulf Coast to rebuild after Katrina but since then, they have moved on and establish the best they could after the storm.

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Hurricane Katrina

According to (Brunner, 2007), Hurricane Katrina slammed into the U.S. Gulf CoastonAug. 29,2005, destroying beachfront towns in Mississippi and Louisiana, displacing amillion people, and killing almost 1,800. When levees in New Orleans were breached, eighty percent of the city was submerged by the flooding. About twenty percent of its 500,000 citizenswere trapped in the city without power, food, or drinking water. Rescue efforts were so delayedand haphazard that many were stranded for days on rooftops and in attics before help arrived.The city became a toxic pool of sewage, chemicals, and corpses, and in the ensuing chaos,mayhem and looting became rampant; about fifteen percent of the city

s police force had simplywalked off the job. The 20,000 people who made their way to the Superdome, the city

semergency shelter, found themselves crammed into sweltering and fetid conditions. At a secondshelter, the convention center, evacuees were terrorized by roaming gangs and random gunfire.Relief workers, medical help, security forces, and essential supplies remained profoundlyinadequate during the first critical days of the disaster. New Orleans was in the path of that particular storm. I remember it like it wasyesterday. My family and I received minor damage from this hurricane that year. We were left inthe dark for over a week when this storm occurred. The city was mostly deserted during thisstorm. It was mostly the poor and immobile who were left behind as the storm hit (Getis et. al,2011). I d

o not think that Hurricane Katrina would have been such a tragedy if there weren’t

many people left behind. It may seem impossible, but there could have been other ways to getthose people out of there before the storm actually hit. The main thing that actually was a tragedyin New Orleans was the fact that the levees failed, which caused a majority of the flooding anddrowning of its victims. I had a lot of family members that came to stay with us to escape the


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